Nowadays, high technology always around us and we can use internet everywhere. Internet addiction is not a new disorder; research had first done in 1996 by Young which people started alert the problem of internet. Basically, internet addiction included cyber-relationship, online gaming, gambling and database searching (Saisan, Smith, Robinson, & Segal, 2013). People cannot balance their online and offline life, overuse on internet and function badly in daily life (Neporent, 2013). It is interesting to see the motivation and emotion behind internet addiction, which suppose keep increasing in the coming few years as internet become a part of our life.
Researchers had found different reasons behind people who had internet addiction. Normally people use internet to work, otherwise they would use it for entertainment and they would feel pleasure or rewarding feelings. Learning theory suggests a combination of pleasurable outcome and habitual behaviour, which affect people will have internet addictive more easily (Khang & Kim, 2013). Other reasons including interpersonal relationship, enormous information, achievement and need for escape (Kim & Park, 2007). If the users feel positive moods while using internet, it will encourage and maintain excessive internet usage although they may aware the negative impact. Khang and Kim found that internet addiction related to self-esteem, self-control. As those people would like to avoid negative feedback from others, easy to lose control on time spent and escaped from negative feelings (2013). Moreover, a research found that low social self-efficacy and external academic locus of control would increase internet addiction (İskender & Akin, 2010). It meant they were lack of social skills and contact, also believed other factors (luck, people and environment) were powerful than their individual control. As they could not control their time on internet, it may affect their relationships with people, job opportunities and future plans (Chak & Leung, 2004).
Internet addiction can affect human behaviour and emotion change. A main problem will occur from those people, which is the communication to the ‘real’ world. They spent many hours on internet and could not maintain the relationships with real and known people. Internet addiction patients would like to remain loneliness or communicated with virtual subject (Tonioni et al., 2012). Besides, they could easily felt criticism by others, shyness and had hurt feelings (Mustafa, 2011). They could still make new friends, but only based on online relationship. People may felt confidential, less threatening and easy to stop communication than real life (Young, 1998).
Internet addiction patients usually suffer emotion problems like depression and anxiety. Tonioni and his group found that people who spent more hours on internet, they may increase depression and anxiety levels (2012). If people spent too much time on internet, they would experience relationship, academic and occupation problem, so they would have psychiatric symptoms. Besides, internet addiction patients used internet more than normal people when they were depressed (Young, 1998). Research did in Korea found that internet addiction also increased suicidal ideation; sometimes we can see some suicidal news related to online game players (Kim et al., 2006).
To conclude, when people have unstable emotion, it will increase their time on internet. However, internet addiction can make our emotion become worse. Like other addiction, people usually use internet as a way to escape from the ‘real’ world. Different personalities also affect the time people spend on internet. We shall set up treatments to prevent internet addiction, based on social and emotion support. Just to remind, if you spend more than 38-40 hours on internet per week, then you may have internet addiction disorder.
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